Indonesia is an archipelagic country with a total area of 1,913,580 km2, sharing the maritime border with Singapore and Malaysia. The country has the biggest population in ASEAN member state with a total population of 267 million people (2018). With the GDP (PPP constant price 2011) is USD 3.1 trillion and annual growth of 5.8% in 2018 [1], Indonesia has the highest GDP in the ASEAN region. The electrification rate was 95.4% in 2017. The country made huge investment to fulfil this target, the latest update of 2019, there are 98.7% people have access to electricity.

Meanwhile, Indonesia has been shown efforts to add more renewables to its energy mix, to achieve the target of 23% Renewable Energy (RE) share in the primary energy mix by 2025. Among RE, hydropower currently holds the most share of primary energy (36.5%), followed by Biomass (35.2%), Geothermal (15.5%), and Biofuel (12.8%). For Solar, in 2018 a total of 28.2 MW of power plants and 7.58 MW of Lampu Tenaga Surya Hemat Energi (LTSHE) have been installed for off-grid area, while a total of of Solar capacity are connected to the grid. The electric power consumption is about 822 kWh per capita and the electricity for residential is sold around 0.073 USD/kWh [2].

[1] National account with conversion value of WDI

[2] Country official data